Open Access
Issue
Bull. Soc. géol. Fr.
Volume 188, Number 6, 2017
Article Number 39
Number of page(s) 25
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/bsgf/2017206
Published online 08 January 2018
  • Abati J, Gerdes A, Suárez JF, Arenas R, Whitehouse MJ, Fernández RD. 2010. Magmatism and early-Variscan continental subduction in the northern Gondwana margin recorded in zircons from the basal units of Galicia, NW Spain. Geol Soc Am Bull 122: 219–235. DOI: 10.1130/B26572.1. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Aerden DG. 1995. Tectonic levels in the Palaeozoic basement of the Pyrenees – a review and a new interpretation: discussion. J Struct Geol 17: 1489–1491. DOI: 10.1016/0191-8141(95)00049-J. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Aguilar C, Liesa M, Castiñeiras P, Navidad M. 2014. Late Variscan metamorphic and magmatic evolution in the eastern Pyrenees revealed by U–Pb age zircon dating. J Geol Soc 171: 181–192. DOI: 10.1144/jgs2012-086. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Aguilar C, Liesa M, Štípská P, Schulmann K, Muñoz JA, Casas JM. 2015. P–T–t–d evolution of orogenic middle crust of the Roc de Frausa Massif (Eastern Pyrenees): a result of horizontal crustal flow and Carboniferous doming ? J Metam Geol 33: 273–294. DOI: 10.1111/jmg.12120. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Allen MB, Macdonald DIM, Xun Z, Vincent SJ, Brouet-Menzies C. 1998. Transtensional deformation in the evolution of the Bohai Basin, northern China. Geol Soc Spec Publ 135: 215–229. DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1998.135.01.14. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Aparicio M. 1975. Métamorphisme et déformation au contact d'un massif plutonique : l'encaissant du complexe de Quérigut. PhD thesis. Toulouse (France) : Univ. Paul Sabatier. [Google Scholar]
  • Arthaud F, Matte P. 1975. Les décrochements tardi-hercyniens du sud-ouest de l'Europe. Géométrie et essai de reconstitution des conditions de la déformation. Tectonophysics 25: 139–171. DOI: 10.1016/0040-1951(75)90014-1. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Arthaud F, Matte P. 1977. Late Paleozoic strike-slip faulting in southern Europe and northern Africa: Result of a right-lateral shear zone between the Appalachians and the Urals. Geol Soc Am Bull 88: 1305–1320. DOI: 10.1130/0016-7606(1977)88<1305:LPSFIS>2.0.CO;2. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Aurejac JB, Gleizes G, Diot H, Bouchez JL. 2004. Le complexe granitique de Quérigut (Pyrénées, France) ré-examiné par la technique de l'ASM : un pluton syntectonique de la transpression dextre hercynienne. Bull Soc Géol Fr 175: 660–661. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bajolet F, Chardon D, Martinod J, Gapais D, Kermarrec JJ. 2015. Synconvergence flow inside and at the margin of orogenic plateaus: Lithospheric-scale experimental approach. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 120: 6634–6657. DOI: 10.1002/2015JB012110. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ballèvre M, Bosse V, Ducassou C, Pitra P. 2009. Palaeozoic history of the Armorican Massif: Models for the tectonic evolution of the suture zones. C R Geoscience 341: 174–201. DOI: 10.1016/j.crte.2008.11.009. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ballèvre M, Catalán JRM, López-Carmona A, Pitra P, Abati J, Fernández RD, et al. 2014. Correlation of the nappe stack in the Ibero-Armorican arc across the Bay of Biscay: a joint French–Spanish project. Geol Soc Spec Publ 405: 77–113. DOI: 10.1144/SP405.13. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Beaumont C, Muñoz JA, Hamilton J, Fullsack P. 2000. Factors controlling the Alpine evolution of the central Pyrenees inferred from a comparison of observations and geodynamical models. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 105: 8121–8145. DOI: 10.1029/1999JB900390. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bosse V, Feraud G, Ruffet G, Ballèvre M, Peucat JJ, De Jong K. 2000. Late Devonian subduction and early-orogenic exhumation of eclogite-facies rocks from the Champtoceaux Complex (Variscan belt, France). Geol J 35: 297–325. DOI: 10.1002/gj.864. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bouchez JL, Gleizes G. 1995. Two-stage deformation of the Mont-Louis-Andorra granite pluton (Variscan Pyrenees) inferred from magnetic susceptibility anisotropy. J Geol Soc 152: 669–679. DOI: 10.1144/gsjgs.152.4.0669. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bouhallier H, Choukroune P, Ballèvre M. 1991. Évolution structurale de la croûte profonde Hercynienne : exemple du massif de l'Agly (Pyrénées Orientales, France). С R Acad Sci Sér II 312: 647–654. [Google Scholar]
  • Burg JP, Van Den Driessche J, Brun JP. 1994. Syn- to post-thickening extension in the Variscan Belt of Western Europe: modes and structural consequences. Géol Fr 3: 33–51. [Google Scholar]
  • Bussy F, Hernandez J, Raumer JV. 2000. Bimodal magmatism as a consequence of the post-collisional readjustment of the thickened Variscan continental lithosphere (Aiguilles Rouges–Mont Blanc Massifs, Western Alps). Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 350: 221–233. DOI: 10.1130/0-8137-2350-7.221. [Google Scholar]
  • Cagnard F, Durrieu N, Gapais D, Brun JP, Ehlers C. 2006. Crustal thickening and lateral flow during compression of hot lithospheres, with particular reference to Precambrian times. Terra Nova 18: 72–78. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2005.00665.x. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carreras J. 2001. Zooming on Northern Cap de Creus shear zones. J Struct Geol 23: 1457–1486. DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8141(01)00011-6. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carreras J, Capella I. 1994. Tectonic levels in the Palaeozoic basement of the Pyrenees: a review and a new interpretation. J Struct Geol 16: 1509–1524. DOI: 10.1016/0191-8141(94)90029-9. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carreras J, Capella I. 1995. Tectonic levels in the Palaeozoic basement of the Pyrenees– a review and a new interpretation: Reply. J Struct Geol 17: 1493–1495. DOI: 10.1016/0191-8141(95)00050-N. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carreras J, Debat P. 1996. Tectonique hercynienne. In Synthèse Géologique et Géophysique Des Pyrénées vol. 1. Orléans (France) : BRGM-ITGE, pp. 501–584. [Google Scholar]
  • Carreras J, Druguet E. 2014. Framing the tectonic regime of the NE Iberian Variscan segment. Geol Soc Spec Publ 405: 249–264. DOI: 10.1144/SP405.7. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carreras J, Druguet E, Griera A, Soldevila J. 2004. Strain and deformation history in a syntectonic pluton. The case of the Roses granodiorite (Cap Creus, Eastern Pyrenees). Geol Soc Spec Publ 224: 307–319. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chardon D, Gapais D, Cagnard F. 2009. Flow of ultra-hot orogens: a view from the Precambrian, clues for the Phanerozoic. Tectonophysics 477: 105–118. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.03.008. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chardon D, Jayananda M, Peucat JJ. 2011. Lateral constrictional flow of hot orogenic crust: Insights from the Neoarchean of south India, geological and geophysical implications for orogenic plateaux. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 12: Q02005. DOI: 10.1029/2010GC003398. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Choukroune P and the ECORS-Team. 1989. The ECORS Pyrenean deep seismic profile reflection data and the overall structure of an orogenic belt. Tectonics 8: 23–39. DOI: 10.1029/TC008i001p00023. [Google Scholar]
  • Choukroune P. 1992. Tectonic evolution of the Pyrenees. Ann Rev Earth Planet Sci 20: 143–158. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Clin M, Lelong F, Poty B, de la Roche H, Fauré J, Pélissonnier H, et al. 1986. Carte géologique de France à 1/50 000, feuille Bagnères-de-Luchon (1084). Orléans (France) : BRGM. [Google Scholar]
  • Clin M, Taillefer F, Pouchan P, Muller A. 1989. Notice explicative de la feuille Bagnères-de-Luchon à 1/50 000 (1084). Orléans (France) : BRGM. [Google Scholar]
  • Couzinié S, Moyen JF, Villaros A, Paquette JL, Scarrow JH, Marignac C. 2014. Temporal relationships between Mg-K mafic magmatism and catastrophic melting of the Variscan crust in the southern part of Velay Complex (Massif Central, France). J Geosci 59: 1–18. DOI: 10.3190/jgeosci.155. [Google Scholar]
  • Cruden AR, Nasseri MHB, Pysklywec R. 2006. Surface topography and internal strain variation in wide hot orogens from three-dimensional analogue and two-dimensional numerical vice models. Geol Soc Spec Publ 253: 79–104. DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2006.253.01.04. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Davis GH, Coney PJ. 1979. Geologic development of the Cordilleran metamorphic core complexes. Geology 7: 120–124. DOI: 10.1130/0091-7613(1979)7<120:GDOTCM>2.0.CO;2. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Debon F, Guitard G. 1996. Carte de synthèse, métamorphisme et plutonisme hercyniens. In: Synthèse Géologique et Géophysique Des Pyrénées vol. 1. Orléans (France) : BRGM-ITGE. [Google Scholar]
  • Debon F, Enrique P, Autran A. 1996. Magmatisme hercynien. In: Synthèse Géologique et Géophysique Des Pyrénées vol. 1. Orléans (France) : BRGM-ITGE, pp. 361–499. [Google Scholar]
  • Delvolvé JJ, Souquet P, Vachard D, Perret MF, Aguirre P. 1993. Caractérisation d'un bassin d'avant-pays dans le Carbonifère des Pyrénées : faciès, chronologie de la tectonique synsédimentaire. C R Acad Sci. Sér II 316: 959–966. [Google Scholar]
  • Denèle Y, Olivier P, Gleizes G, Barbey P. 2007. The Hospitalet gneiss dome (Pyrenees) revisited: lateral flow during Variscan transpression in the middle crust. Terra Nova 19: 445–453. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2007.00770.x. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Denèle Y, Olivier P, Gleizes G. 2008. Progressive deformation of a zone of magma transfer in a transpressional regime: The Variscan Mérens shear zone (Pyrenees, France). J Struct Geol 30: 1138–1149. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2008.05.006. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Denèle Y, Olivier P, Gleizes G, Barbey P. 2009. Decoupling between the middle and upper crust during transpression-related lateral flow: Variscan evolution of the Aston gneiss dome (Pyrenees, France). Tectonophysics 477: 244–261. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.04.033. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Denèle Y, Paquette JL, Olivier P, Barbey P. 2012. Permian granites in the Pyrenees: the Aya pluton (Basque Country). Terra Nova 24: 105–113. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2011.01043.x. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Denèle Y, Laumonier B, Paquette JL, Olivier P, Gleizes G, Barbey P. 2014. Timing of granite emplacement, crustal flow and gneiss dome formation in the Variscan segment of the Pyrenees. Geol Soc Spec Publ 405: 265–287. DOI: 10.1144/SP405.5. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Déramond J. 1979. Déformation et déplacement des nappes : exemple de la nappe de Gavarnie (Pyrénées Centrales). Doctorat d'État thesis. Toulouse (France): Univ. Paul Sabatier. [Google Scholar]
  • Dias R, Ribeiro A, Romão J, Coke C, Moreira N. 2016. A review of the arcuate structures in the Iberian Variscides; constraints and genetic models. Tectonophysics 681: 170–194. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.04.011. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Dokka RK, Ross TM, Lu G. 1998. The Trans Mojave-Sierran shear zone and its role in Early Miocene collapse of southwestern North America. Geol Soc Spec Publ 135: 183–202. DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1998.135.01.12. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Druguet E, Castro A, Chichorro M, Pereira MF, Fernández C. 2014. Zircon geochronology of intrusive rocks from Cap de Creus, Eastern Pyrenees. Geol Mag 151: 1095–1114. DOI: 10.1017/S0016756814000041. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Edel JB, Casini L, Oggiano G, Rossi P, Schulmann K. 2014. Early Permian 90° clockwise rotation of the Maures–Estérel–Corsica–Sardinia block confirmed by new palaeomagnetic data and followed by a Triassic 60° clockwise rotation. Geol Soc Spec Publ 405: 333–361. DOI: 10.1144/SP405.10. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Engel W. 1984. Migration of Folding and Flysch Sedimentation on the Southern Flank of the Variscan Belt (Montagne Noire, Mouthoumet Massif, Pyrenees). Z Dtsch Geol Ges 135: 279–292. [Google Scholar]
  • Esteban JJ, Aranguren A, Cuevas J, Hilario A, Tubía JM, Larionov A, et al. 2015. Is there a time lag between the metamorphism and emplacement of plutons in the Axial Zone of the Pyrenees ? Geol Mag 152: 935–941. DOI: 10.1017/S001675681500014X. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Faure M. 1995. Late orogenic carboniferous extensions in the Variscan French Massif Central. Tectonics 14: 132–153. DOI: 10.1029/94TC02021. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Faure M, Bé Mézème E, Cocherie A, Rossi P, Chemenda A, Boutelier D. 2008. Devonian geodynamic evolution of the Variscan Belt, insights from the French Massif Central and Massif Armoricain. Tectonics 27: TC2005. DOI: 10.1029/2007TC002115. [Google Scholar]
  • Faure M, Lardeaux JM, Ledru P. 2009. A review of the pre-Permian geology of the Variscan French Massif Central. C R Géoscience 341: 202–213. DOI: 10.1016/j.crte.2008.12.001. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Fernández-Suárez J, Dunning GR, Jenner GA, Gutiérrez-Alonso G. 2000. Variscan collisional magmatism and deformation in NW Iberia: constraints from U–Pb geochronology of granitoids. J Geol Soc 157: 565–576. DOI: 10.1144/jgs.157.3.565. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Franke W. 2014. Topography of the Variscan orogen in Europe: failed–not collapsed. Int J Earth Sci 103: 1471–1499. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-014-1014-9. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gapais D. 1989. Shear structures within deformed granites − mechanical and thermal indicators. Geology 17: 1144–1147. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gapais D, Balé P, Choukroune P, Cobbold P, Mahjoub Y, Marquer D. 1987. Bulk kinematics from shear zone patterns: some field examples. J Struct Geol 9: 635–646. DOI: 10.1016/0191-8141(87)90148-9. [Google Scholar]
  • Gapais D, Potrel A, Machado N. 2005. Kinematics of long-lasting Paleoproterozoic transpression within the Thompson Nickel Belt, Manitoba, Canada. Tectonics 24: TC3002. DOI: 10.1029/2004TC001700. [Google Scholar]
  • Gapais D, Brun JP, Gumiaux C, Cagnard F, Ruffet G, Le Carlier de Veslud C. 2015. Extensional tectonics in the Hercynian Armorican belt (France). An overview. Bull Soc Géol Fr 186: 117–129. DOI: 10.2113/gssgfbull.186.2-3.117. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • García-Sansegundo J. 1990. Structure of the Paleozoic in the Aran valley, Axial zone, central Pyrenees. Bull Soc Geol Fr 8(VI): 229–239. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • García-Sansegundo J. 1992. Estratigrafía y estructura de la Zona Axial pirenaica en la transversal del Valle de Arán y de la Alta Ribagorça. Publicaciones especiales del Boletín Geológico y Minero, ITGE 103: 1–290. [Google Scholar]
  • Gébelin A, Brunel M, Monié P, Faure M, Arnaud N. 2007. Transpressional tectonics and Carboniferous magmatism in the Limousin, Massif Central, France: Structural and 40Ar/39Ar investigations. Tectonics 26: TC2008. DOI: 10.1029/2005TC001822. [Google Scholar]
  • Gébelin A, Roger F, Brunel M. 2009. Syntectonic crustal melting and high-grade metamorphism in a transpressional regime, Variscan Massif Central, France. Tectonophysics 477: 229–243. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.03.022. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Giacomini F, Braga R, Tiepolo M, Tribuzio R. 2006. New constraints on the origin and age of Variscan eclogitic rocks (Ligurian Alps, Italy). Contrib Mineral Petrol 153: 29–53. DOI: 10.1007/s00410-006-0131-2. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gibson RL, Bickle MJ. 1994. Thermobarometric constraints on the conditions of metamorphism in the Canigou massif, Pyrenees: implications for Hercynian geothermal gradients. J Geol Soc 15: 987–997. DOI: 10.1144/gsjgs.151.6.0987. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gleizes G, Leblanc D, Bouchez JL. 1997. Variscan granites of the Pyrenees revisited: their role as syntectonic markers of the orogen. Terra Nova 9: 38–41. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3121.1997.d01-9.x. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gleizes G, Leblanc D, Santana V, Olivier P, Bouchez JL. 1998a. Sigmoidal structures featuring dextral shear during emplacement of the Hercynian granite complex of Cauterets–Panticosa (Pyrenees). J Struct Geol 20: 1229–1245. DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8141(98)00060-1. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gleizes G, Leblanc D, Bouchez JL. 1998b. The main phase of the Hercynian orogeny in the Pyrenees is a dextral transpression. Geol Soc Spec Publ 135: 267–273. DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1998.135.01.17. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gleizes G, Leblanc D, Olivier P, Bouchez J. 2001. Strain partitioning in a pluton during emplacement in transpressional regime: the example of the Néouvielle granite (Pyrenees). Int J Earth Sci 90: 325–340. DOI: 10.1007/s005310000144. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gleizes G, Crevon G, Asrat A, Barbey P. 2006. Structure, age and mode of emplacement of the Hercynian Bordères-Louron pluton (Central Pyrenees, France). Int J Earth Sci 95: 1039–1052. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-006-0088-4. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Grocott J, McCaffrey KJ, Taylor GK, Tikoff B. 2004. Vertical coupling and decoupling in the lithosphere. Geol Soc Spec Publ 227: 1–7. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Guitard G, 1964. Un exemple de structure en nappe de style pennique dans la chaîne hercynienne : les gneiss stratoïdes du Canigou (Pyrénées-Orientales). C R Acad Sci Sér D 258: 4597–4599. [Google Scholar]
  • Guitard G. Geyssant J, Laumonier B, 1984. Les plissements hercyniens tardifs dans le Paléozoïque inférieur du versant nord du Canigou. 1re partie : analyse géométrique et chronologie des phases superposées. Relations avec le granite de Mont-Louis et le métamorphisme régional. Géol Fr 4: 95–125. [Google Scholar]
  • Guitard G, Vielzeuf D, Martinez F. 1996. Métamorphisme hercynien. In Synthèse Géologique et Géophysique Des Pyrénées vol. 1. Orléans (France) : BRGM-ITGE, pp. 501–584. [Google Scholar]
  • Guitard G, Laumonier B, Autran A, Bandet Y, Berger GM. 1998. Notice explicative, Carte géologique de la France à 1/50 000, feuille Prades (1095). Orléans (France) : BRGM. [Google Scholar]
  • Gutiérrez-Alonso G, Fernández-Suárez J, Jeffries TE, Johnston ST, Pastor-Galán D, Murphy JB, et al. 2011a. Diachronous post-orogenic magmatism within a developing orocline in Iberia, European Variscides. Tectonics 30: TC5008. DOI: 10.1029/2010TC002845. [Google Scholar]
  • Gutiérrez-Alonso G, Murphy JB, Fernández-Suárez J, Weil AB, Franco MP, Gonzalo JC. 2011b. Lithospheric delamination in the core of Pangea: Sm-Nd insights from the Iberian mantle. Geology 39: 155–158. DOI: 10.1130/G31468.1. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Gutiérrez-Alonso G, Johnston ST, Weil AB, Pastor-Galán D, Fernández-Suárez J. 2012. Buckling an orogen: The Cantabrian Orocline. GSA Today 22: 4–9. DOI: 10.1130/GSATG141A.1. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hilario-Orús A. 2004. Relación entre magmatismo y deformación en la transversal de Benasque a Luchon (Zona Axial del Pirineo). PhD thesis. Spain: Univ. Pais Vasco. [Google Scholar]
  • Holdsworth RE, Strachan RA. 1991. Interlinked system of ductile strike slip and thrusting formed by Caledonian sinistral transpression in northeastern Greenland. Geology 19: 510–513. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Holdsworth RE, Tavarnelli E, Clegg P, Pinheiro RVL, Jones RR, McCaffrey KJW. 2002. Domainal deformation patterns and strain partitioning during transpression: an example from the Southern Uplands terrane, Scotland. J Geol Soc 159: 401–415. DOI: 10.1144/0016-764901-123. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kilzi MA, Grégoire M, Bosse V, Benoît M, Driouch Y, de Saint Blanquat M, et al. 2016. Geochemistry and zircon U–Pb geochronology of the ultramafic and mafic rocks emplaced within the anatectic series of the Variscan Pyrenees: The example of the Gavarnie–Heas dome (France). C R Géoscience 348: 107–115. DOI: 10.1016/j.crte.2015.06.014. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kleinsmiede WFJ. 1960. Geology of the Val de Arán. Leidse Geol Meded 25: 129–245. [Google Scholar]
  • Kretz R. 1983. Symbols for rock-forming minerals. Am Mineral 68: 277–279. [Google Scholar]
  • Kriegsman LM, Aerden DGAM, Bakker RJ, den Brok SWJ, Schutjens PMTM. 1989. Variscan tectonometamorphic evolution of the eastern Lys-Caillaouas massif, Central Pyrenees − evidence for late orogenic extension prior to peak metamorphism. Geol Mijnb 68: 323–333. [Google Scholar]
  • Lardeaux JM, Schulmann K, Faure M, Janoušek V, Lexa O, Skrzypek E, et al. 2014. The Moldanubian Zone in the French Massif Central, Vosges/Schwarzwald and Bohemian Massif revisited: differences and similarities. Geol Soc Spec Publ 405: 7–44. DOI: 10.1144/SP405.14. [Google Scholar]
  • Laurent O, Couzinié S, Zeh A, Vanderhaeghe O, Moyen JF, Villaros A, et al. 2017. Protracted, coeval crust and mantle melting during Variscan late-orogenic evolution: U–Pb dating in the eastern French Massif Central. Int J Earth Sci 106: 421–451. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-016-1434-9. [Google Scholar]
  • Le Pourhiet L, Huet B, May DA, Labrousse L, Jolivet L. 2012. Kinematic interpretation of the 3D shapes of metamorphic core complexes. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 13: Q09002. DOI: 10.1029/2012GC004271. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Lemirre B, Duchene S, Saint-Blanquat M, Poujol M. 2016. État thermique de la croûte varisque dans le massif nord-pyrénéen du Saint Barthélémy. Caen (France) : 25th Earth Science Meeting. [Google Scholar]
  • Lister GS, Davis GA. 1989. The origin of metamorphic core complexes and detachment faults formed during Tertiary continental extension in the northern Colorado River region, U.S.A. J Struct Geol 11: 65–94. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Majesté-Menjoulas C. 1979. Évolution alpine d'un segment de chaîne varisque : Nappe de Gavarnie, chevauchement Cinq-Monts-Gentiane (Pyrénées centrales et occidentales), Doctorat d'État thesis. Toulouse (France) : Univ. Paul Sabatier. [Google Scholar]
  • Malavieille J. 1993. Late Orogenic extension in mountain belts: Insights from the Basin and Range and the Late Paleozoic Variscan Belt. Tectonics 12: 1115–1130. DOI: 10.1029/93TC01129. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Marre J, 1973. Le complexe éruptif de Quérigut. Pétrologie, structurologie, cinématique de mise en place. Doctorat d'Etat thesis. Toulouse (France) : Univ. Paul Sabatier. [Google Scholar]
  • Martínez-Catalán JR. 1990. A non-cylindrical model for the northwest Iberian allochthonous terranes and their equivalents in the Hercynian belt of Western Europe. Tectonophysics 179: 253–272. DOI: 10.1016/0040-1951(90)90293-H. [Google Scholar]
  • Martínez-Catalán JR. 2011. Are the oroclines of the Variscan belt related to late Variscan strike-slip tectonics? Terra Nova 23: 241–247. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2011.01005.x. [Google Scholar]
  • Martínez-Catalán JR, Arenas R, Abati J, Martínez SS, García FD, Suárez JF, et al. 2009. A rootless suture and the loss of the roots of a mountain chain: The Variscan belt of NW Iberia. C R Geoscience 341: 114–126. DOI: 10.1016/j.crte.2008.11.004. [Google Scholar]
  • Martínez-Catalán JR, Pascual FJR, Montes AD, Fernández RD, Barreiro JG, Silva ÍDD, et al. 2014. The late Variscan HT/LP metamorphic event in NW and Central Iberia: relationships to crustal thickening, extension, orocline development and crustal evolution. Geol Soc Spec Publ 405: 225–247. DOI: 10.1144/SP405.1. [Google Scholar]
  • Matte P. 1986. Tectonics and plate tectonics model for the Variscan belt of Europe. Tectonophysics 126: 329–374. DOI: 10.1016/0040-1951(86)90237-4. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Matte P. 2002. Les plis hercyniens kilométriques couchés vers l'ouest-sud-ouest dans la région du pic du Midi d'Ossau–col du Somport (zone axiale des Pyrénées occidentales). C R Géoscience 334: 773–779. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Matte P. 2007. Variscan thrust nappes, detachments, and strike-slip faults in the French Massif Central: Interpretation of the lineations. Geol Soc Am Mem 200: 391–402. DOI: 10.1130/2007.1200(20). [Google Scholar]
  • Matte P, Ribeiro A. 1975. Forme et orientation de l'ellipsoïde de déformation dans la virgation hercynienne de Galice. Relations avec le plissement et hypothèses sur la genèse de l'arc ibéro-armoricain. C R Acad Sci Sér D 280: 2825–2828. [Google Scholar]
  • Messaoudi H. 1990. Le complexe plutonique de Millas (Pyrénées Orientales) : pétrologie, géochimie, structurologie et cinématique de mise en place. PhD thesis. Toulouse (France) : Univ. Paul Sabatier. [Google Scholar]
  • Mey PHW. 1967. The geology of the upper Ribagorzana and Baliera valleys, central Pyrenees, Spain. Leidse Geol Meded 41: 153–220. [Google Scholar]
  • Mey PHW. 1968. The geology of the upper Ribagorzana and Tor Valleys, Central Pyrenees, Spain sheet 8, 1:50 000. Leidse Geol Meded 41: 229–292. [Google Scholar]
  • Mezger JE. 2005. Comparison of the western Aston-Hospitalet and the Bossòst domes: evidence for polymetamorphism and its implications for the Variscan tectonic evolution of the Axial Zone of the Pyrenees. J Virtual Explor 19: 6. DOI: 10.3809/jvirtex.2005.00122. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mezger JE. 2009. Transpressional tectonic setting during the main Variscan deformation: evidence from four structural levels in the Bossòst and Aston-Hospitalet mantled gneiss domes, central Axial Zone, Pyrenees. Bull Soc Geol Fr 180: 199–207. DOI: 10.2113/gssgfbull.180.3.199. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mezger JE. 2010. Cadomian, Ordovician and Variscan igneous events preserved in gneiss domes of the Central Pyrenean Axial Zone. TSK 13 Conference Abstracts and Field Guide 40. [Google Scholar]
  • Mezger JE, Passchier CW. 2003. Polymetamorphism and ductile deformation of staurolite–cordierite schist of the Bossòst dome: indication for Variscan extension in the Axial Zone of the central Pyrenees. Geol Mag 140: 595–612. DOI: 10.1017/S0016756803008112. [Google Scholar]
  • Mezger JE, Passchier CW, Régnier JL. 2004. Metastable staurolite–cordierite assemblage of the Bossòst dome: Late Variscan decompression and polyphase metamorphism in the Axial Zone of the central Pyrenees. C R Géoscience 336: 827–837. DOI: 10.1016/j.crte.2003.12.024. [Google Scholar]
  • Mezger JE, Gerdes A. 2016. Early Variscan (Visean) granites in the core of central Pyrenean gneiss domes: implications from laser ablation U-Pb and Th-Pb studies. Gondwana Res 29: 181–198. DOI: 10.1016/j.gr.2014.11.010. [Google Scholar]
  • Mezger JE, Régnier JL. 2016. Stable staurolite–cordierite assemblages in K-poor metapelitic schists in Aston and Hospitalet gneiss domes of the central Pyrenees (France, Andorra). J Metam Geol 34: 167–190. DOI: 10.1111/jmg.12177. [Google Scholar]
  • Mirouse R. 1962. Recherches géologiques dans la partie occidentale de la Zone primaire axiale des Pyrénées. Doctorat d'État thesis. Toulouse (France) : Univ. Paul Sabatier. [Google Scholar]
  • Müller J, Roger P. 1977. L'Évolution structurale des Pyrénées (domaine central et occidental). Le segment hercynien, la chaîne de fond alpine. Géol Alpine 2: 1–191. [Google Scholar]
  • Muñoz JA. Evolution of a continental collision belt: ECORS-Pyrenees crustal balanced cross-section. In: McClay KR, ed. Thrust Tectonics. London: Chapman & Hall, 1992, pp. 235–246. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-011-3066-0_21. [Google Scholar]
  • Ordóñez Casado B, Gebauer D, Schäfer HJ, Ibarguchi JIG, Peucat JJ. 2001. A single Devonian subduction event for the HP/HT metamorphism of the Cabo Ortegal complex within the Iberian Massif. Tectonophysics 332: 359–385. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-1951(00)00210-9. [Google Scholar]
  • Paquet J, Mansy JL. 1991. La structure de l'Est des Pyrénées (transversales du massif de l'Agly) : un exemple d'amincissement crustal. C R Acad Sci Sér 2 312: 913–919. [Google Scholar]
  • Paquette JL, Menot RP, Peucat JJ. 1989. REE, Sm-Nd and U-Pb zircon study of eclogites from the Alpine External Massifs (Western Alps): evidence for crustal contamination. Earth Planet Sci Lett 96: 181–198. DOI: 10.1016/0012-821X(89)90131-3. [Google Scholar]
  • Pastor-Galán D, Gutiérrez-Alonso G, Weil AB. 2011. Orocline timing through joint analysis: Insights from the Ibero-Armorican Arc. Tectonophysics 507: 31–46. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2011.05.005. [Google Scholar]
  • Pastor-Galán D, Dekkers MJ, Gutiérrez-Alonso G, Brouwer D, Groenewegen T, Krijgsman W, et al. 2016. Paleomagnetism of the Central Iberian curve's putative hinge: Too many oroclines in the Iberian Variscides. Gondwana Res 39: 96–113. DOI: 10.1016/j.gr.2016.06.016. [Google Scholar]
  • Pouget P. 1991. Hercynian tectonometamorphic evolution of the Bosost dome (French–Spanish central Pyrenees). J Geol Soc 148: 299–314. DOI: 10.1144/gsjgs.148.2.0299. [Google Scholar]
  • Poujol M, Pitra P, Van Den Driessche J, Tartèse R, Ruffet G, Paquette JL, et al. 2017. Two-stage partial melting during Variscan extensional tectonics (Montagne Noire, France). Int J Earth Sci 106: 477–500. [Google Scholar]
  • Rey PF, Burg JP, Casey M. 1997. The Scandinavian Caledonides and their relationship to the Variscan belt. Geol Soc Spec Publ 121: 179–200. [Google Scholar]
  • Rey PF, Teyssier C, Whitney DL. 2010. Limit of channel flow in orogenic plateaux. Lithosphere 2: 328–332. DOI: 10.1130/L114.1. [Google Scholar]
  • Rey PF, Mondy L, Duclaux G, Teyssier C, Whitney DL, Bocher M, et al. 2017. The origin of contractional structures in extensional gneiss domes. Geology 45: 263–266. [Google Scholar]
  • Roberts MP, Pin C, Clemens JD, Paquette JL. 2000. Petrogenesis of Mafic to Felsic Plutonic Rock Associations: the Calc-alkaline Quérigut Complex, French Pyrenees. J Petrol 41: 809–844. DOI: 10.1093/petrology/41.6.809. [Google Scholar]
  • Rodrı́guez J, Cosca MA, Gil Ibarguchi JI, Dallmeyer RD. 2003. Strain partitioning and preservation of 40Ar/39Ar ages during Variscan exhumation of a subducted crust (Malpica–Tui complex, NW Spain). Lithos 70: 111–139. DOI: 10.1016/S0024-4937(03)00095-1. [Google Scholar]
  • Roger F, Matte P. 2005. Early Variscan HP metamorphism in the western Iberian Allochthon—A 390 Ma U–Pb age for the Bragança eclogite (NW Portugal). Int J Earth Sci 94: 173–179. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-005-0466-3. [Google Scholar]
  • Roger F, Teyssier C, Respaut JP, Rey PF, Jolivet M, Whitney DL, et al. 2015. Timing of formation and exhumation of the Montagne Noire double dome, French Massif Central. Tectonophysics 640: 53–69. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.12.002. [Google Scholar]
  • Román-Berdiel T, Casas AM, Oliva-Urcia B, Pueyo EL, Rillo C. 2004. The main Variscan deformation event in the Pyrenees: new data from the structural study of the Bielsa granite. J Struct Geol 26: 659–677. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2003.09.001. [Google Scholar]
  • Román-Berdiel T, Casas AM, Oliva-Urcia B, Pueyo EL, Liesa C, Soto R. 2006. The Variscan Millares granite (central Pyrenees): Pluton emplacement in a T fracture of a dextral shear zone. Geodin Acta 19: 197–211. DOI: 10.3166/ga.19.197-211. [Google Scholar]
  • Rubio Pascual FJ, Arenas R, Martínez Catalán JR, Rodríguez Fernández LR, Wijbrans JR. 2013. Thickening and exhumation of the Variscan roots in the Iberian Central System: Tectonothermal processes and 40Ar/39Ar ages. Tectonophysics 587: 207–221. DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2012.10.005. [Google Scholar]
  • Saint-Blanquat M. (de). 1993. La faille normale du massif du Saint Barthélémy. Évolution hercynienne des massifs nord-pyrénéens catazonaux considérée du point de vue de leur histoire thermique. Geodin Acta 6: 59–77. [Google Scholar]
  • Sandiford M, Powell R. 1991. Some remarks on high-temperature—low-pressure metamorphism in convergent orogens. J Metam Geol 9: 333–340. DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-1314.1991.tb00527.x. [Google Scholar]
  • Séguret M, Proust F. 1968. Tectonique hercynienne des Pyrénées centrales : signification des schistosités redressées, chronologie des déformations. C R Acad Sci Sér D 266: 984–987. [Google Scholar]
  • Sitter LU (de), Zwart HJ. 1960. Tectonic development in supra and infra-structures of a mountain chain. Proc 21st Int Geol Congr Copenhagen 18: 248–256. [Google Scholar]
  • Soula JC. 1982. Characteristics and mode of emplacement of gneiss domes and plutonic domes in central-eastern Pyrenees. J Struct Geol 4: 313–342. [Google Scholar]
  • Soula JC, Debat P, Deramond J, Pouget P. 1986a. A dynamic model of the structural evolution of the Hercynian Pyrenees. Tectonophysics 129: 29–51. [Google Scholar]
  • Soula JC, Debat P, Déramond J, Guchereau JY, Lamouroux C, Pouget P, et al. 1986b. Évolution structurale des ensembles métamorphiques, des gneiss et des granitoïdes dans les Pyrénées centrales. Bull Soc Géol Fr 8: 79–93. [Google Scholar]
  • Speksnijder A. 1987. The detection and significance of early deformation in the southern Variscan Pyrenees, Spain; implications for regional Paleozoic structural evolution. Geol Rundsch 76: 451–476. DOI: 10.1007/BF01821086. [Google Scholar]
  • Thompson AB, England PC. 1984. Pressure—Temperature—Time Paths of Regional Metamorphism II. Their Inference and Interpretation using Mineral Assemblages in Metamorphic Rocks. J Petrol 25: 929–955. DOI: 10.1093/petrology/25.4.929. [Google Scholar]
  • Tikoff B, Teyssier C. 1994. Strain modeling of displacement-field partitioning in transpressional orogens. J Struct Geol 16: 1575–1588. [Google Scholar]
  • Tikoff B, Teyssier C, Waters C. 2002. Clutch tectonics and the partial attachment of lithospheric layers. EGU Stephan Mueller Spec Publ Ser 1: 57–73. [Google Scholar]
  • Tikoff B, Russo R, Teyssier C, Tommasi A. 2004. Mantle-driven deformation of orogenic zones and clutch tectonics. Geol Soc London Spec Publ 227: 41–64. [Google Scholar]
  • Valero J, 1974. Géologie Structurale du Paléozoïque de la région de Panticosa − Province de Huesca (Espagne). PhD thesis. Bordeaux (France) : Univ. de Bordeaux. [Google Scholar]
  • Valle de Lersundi J, Adler RE, de Boer HU, Jordan H, Klarr K, Krausse HF, et al. 1972. Mapa geologico de Espana (1/50 000), Valcarlos (91). Madrid, Spain: IGME. [Google Scholar]
  • Van den Eeckhout B, Zwart HJ. 1988. Hercynian crustal-scale extensional shear zone in the Pyrenees. Geology 16: 135–138. DOI: 10.1130/0091-7613(1988)016<0135:HCSESZ>2.3.CO;2. [Google Scholar]
  • Van der Voo R. 2004. Paleomagnetism, Oroclines, and Growth of the Continental Crust. GSA Today 14: 4–9. DOI: 10.1130/1052-5173(2004)014<4:POAGOT>2.0.CO;2. [Google Scholar]
  • Vanderhaeghe O, Teyssier C. 2001. Partial melting and flow of orogens. Tectonophysics 342: 451–472. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-1951(01)00175-5. [Google Scholar]
  • Van Lichtervelde M, Grand'Homme A, de Saint-Blanquat M, Olivier P, Gerdes A, Paquette JL, et al. 2017. U-Pb geochronology on zircon and columbite-group minerals of the Cap de Creus pegmatites, NE Spain. Mineral Petrol 111: 1–21. [Google Scholar]
  • Vilà M, Pin C, Liesa M, Enrique P. 2007. LP-HT metamorphism in a late orogenic transpressional setting, Albera Massif, NE Iberia: implications for the geodynamic evolution of the Variscan Pyrenees. J Metam Geol 25: 321–347. DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-1314.2007.00698.x. [Google Scholar]
  • Villalobos Vilches L, del Valle de Lersundi J. 1973. Memoria explicativa, Mapa geologico de Espana (1/50 000), Sumbilla (90). Madrid (Spain): IGME. [Google Scholar]
  • Vissers RLM. 1992. Variscan extension in the Pyrenees. Tectonics 11: 1369–1384. DOI: 10.1029/92TC00823. [Google Scholar]
  • Weil A, Gutiérrez-alonso G, Conan J. 2010. New time constraints on lithospheric-scale oroclinal bending of the Ibero-Armorican Arc: a palaeomagnetic study of earliest Permian rocks from Iberia. J Geol Soc 167: 127–143. DOI: 10.1144/0016-76492009-002. [Google Scholar]
  • Wickham SM, Oxburgh ER. 1985. Continental rifts as a setting for regional metamorphism. Nature 318: 330–333. [Google Scholar]
  • Wickham SM, Oxburgh ER. 1986. A rifted tectonic setting for Hercynian high-thermal gradient metamorphism in the Pyrenees. Tectonophysics 129: 53–69. [Google Scholar]
  • Zwart HJ. 1979. The geology of the Central Pyrenees. Leidse Geol Meded 50: 1–74. [Google Scholar]
  • Zwart HJ. 1986. The Variscan geology of the Pyrenees. Tectonophysics 129: 9–27. [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.